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The history of the development of Chinese automobile air conditioning
【Date】 2012Years10Month8Day   【Browse】 [3929]

As the cradle of China's automobile industry - Changchun First Automobile Group Corp of China is also the cradle of industry of car air conditioning. In 1966, FAW accept national make known to lower levels to the head of the central production red flag car insurance task, prior to this, national leaders in foreign affairs activities in the riding are built by the former Soviet Union Jisi type --115 car insurance, due to air conditioning industry development constraints, the car has no air conditioning, summer car, can only advance with ice cooling the air inside the vehicle. In order to ensure the safety of central heads, FAW in central manufacturing Red Flag car insurance (cA772 ) in addition to having the head of the central security safeguard all sorts of functions, you must also set the air conditioning device. In the factory under the care of the leadership, after the engineering and technical personnel and workers ' efforts, more than two years of development time, finally in 1969 successfully developed the first automobile air conditioning device, and is mounted on the red flag car insurance, to the Zhongnanhai of Beijing central head seat please. This not only over China can not produce insurance car history, is also a Chinese design, independent manufacture automotive air conditioning devices in the first.

Because the automobile air-conditioning device improves the riding comfort, from the beginning of 1971, the production of various types of Red Flag limousine all installed air conditioning device, therefore, the first machinery industry ministry allocates in FAW car factory established a production and assembly of compressor in automobile radiator factory workshop, establishment of the evaporator and the condenser production workshop, began mass production of automobile air conditioner. In 1980, FAW Red Flag brand senior tourist car design and manufacture of the bus air conditioner, and completed the production work. In 1986, FAW and for the export of Jiefang Truck design and manufacture of the truck air conditioning device, but also for the country completed the Sultan radio cars, refrigerated trucks, the southern border conflict in plasma storage cart and a series of special vehicle refrigeration device manufacturing tasks.

The Red Flag limousine car air conditioning device in the main assembly product level at that time is the most advanced, automotive air-conditioning compressor structure for six cylinder two-way swash plate structure, this structure is the General Motors Corporation in 1962 to market new products, until today, two-way swash plate compressor automotive air conditioning compressor is still the mainstream products, yield about 2/3 various structure of compressor. Automobile air conditioner evaporator is all aluminum laminated structure, the structure is still in the development of products for automotive air conditioning evaporator. In addition, the Red Flag limousine car air conditioning device also adopts the external balance expansion valve, refrigeration system used in preventing evaporator evaporation pressure regulator valve, please the Ministry of chemical industry for the refrigeration system of oxygen pipeline nitrile rubber material, in the refrigeration system design of exhaust muffler and a suction muffler.

Following the FAW production of automotive air conditioning device, 1981 Shanghai internal combustion engine oil pump factory Shanghai sedan car air conditioner compressor was developed, and six cylinder bi-directional swash plate type structure, so far, two major domestic car production base has its own production plant in the automotive air conditioning device.

After the reform and development, China has raised the automobile air conditioning heat, hundreds of enterprises have to compete in automobile air conditioning. To this, the Chinese Automotive Industry Corporation in 1987 to take in a unified national bid selection approach, set up to steam Corporation, FAW, the steam, College of experts to participate in the assessment group, respectively, to participate in the bidding units for defense, and field trips, screened in respect of compressor, evaporator and condenser, air conditioning accessories as well as the bus air conditioner with respect to the bidding enterprises, and then by the State Planning Commission and the China National Automotive Industry Corporation personally led the delegation visits abroad, to assist domestic enterprises and foreign automobile air conditioner manufacturers.