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The history of the development of Chinese automobile air conditioning
【Date】 2012Years10Month8Day   【Browse】 [3666]

As the cradle of China's automobile industry - Changchun First Automobile Group Corp of China is also the cradle of industry of car air conditioning. In 1966, FAW accept national make known to lower levels to the head of the central production red flag car insurance task, prior to this, national leaders in foreign affairs activities in the riding are built by the former Soviet Union Jisi type --115 car insurance, due to air conditioning industry development constraints, the car has no air conditioning, summer car, can only advance with ice cooling the air inside the vehicle. In order to ensure the safety of central heads, FAW in central manufacturing Red Flag car insurance (cA772 ) in addition to having the head of the central security safeguard all sorts of functions, you must also set the air conditioning device. In the factory under the care of the leadership, after the engineering and technical personnel and workers ' efforts, more than two years of development time, finally in 1969 successfully developed the first automobile air conditioning device, and is mounted on the red flag car insurance, to the Zhongnanhai of Beijing central head seat please. This not only over China can not produce insurance car history, is also a Chinese design, independent manufacture automotive air conditioning devices in the first.

Because the automobile air-conditioning device improves the riding comfort, from the beginning of 1971, the production of various types of Red Flag limousine all installed air conditioning device, therefore, the first machinery industry ministry allocates in FAW car factory established a production and assembly of compressor in automobile radiator factory workshop, establishment of the evaporator and the condenser production workshop, began mass production of automobile air conditioner. In 1980, FAW Red Flag brand senior tourist car design and manufacture of the bus air conditioner, and completed the production work. In 1986, FAW and for the export of Jiefang Truck design and manufacture of the truck air conditioning device, but also for the country completed the Sultan radio cars, refrigerated trucks, the southern border conflict in plasma storage cart and a series of special vehicle refrigeration device manufacturing tasks.

The Red Flag limousine car air conditioning device in the main assembly product level at that time is the most advanced, automotive air-conditioning compressor structure for six cylinder two-way swash plate structure, this structure is the General Motors Corporation in 1962 to market new products, until today, two-way swash plate compressor automotive air conditioning compressor is still the mainstream products, yield about 2/3 various structure of compressor. Automobile air conditioner evaporator is all aluminum laminated structure, the structure is still in the development of products for automotive air conditioning evaporator. In addition, the Red Flag limousine car air conditioning device also adopts the external balance expansion valve, refrigeration system used in preventing evaporator evaporation pressure regulator valve, please the Ministry of chemical industry for the refrigeration system of oxygen pipeline nitrile rubber material, in the refrigeration system design of exhaust muffler and a suction muffler.

Following the FAW production of automotive air conditioning device, 1981 Shanghai internal combustion engine oil pump factory Shanghai sedan car air conditioner compressor was developed, and six cylinder bi-directional swash plate type structure, so far, two major domestic car production base has its own production plant in the automotive air conditioning device.

After the reform and development, China has raised the automobile air conditioning heat, hundreds of enterprises have to compete in automobile air conditioning. To this, the Chinese Automotive Industry Corporation in 1987 to take in a unified national bid selection approach, set up to steam Corporation, FAW, the steam, College of experts to participate in the assessment group, respectively, to participate in the bidding units for defense, and field trips, screened in respect of compressor, evaporator and condenser, air conditioning accessories as well as the bus air conditioner with respect to the bidding enterprises, and then by the State Planning Commission and the China National Automotive Industry Corporation personally led the delegation visits abroad, to assist domestic enterprises and foreign automobile air conditioner manufacturers.

After years of planning, in the compressor, Shanghai internal combustion engine oil pump factory in 1988 December and Thailand big group set up joint ventures in the beginning of Shanghai General Machinery Company Limited, the introduction of Japan, five cylinder rocking disk SD series product took the lead for Shanghai Santana. In 2001, the beginning of Shanghai universal machine limited company with three Japanese company in Shanghai, Pudong set up a joint venture with Shanghai automobile air conditioning Limited, production of three Japanese company seven cylinder rocking disk stepless variable displacement compressor SD7V16 and six cylinder rocking disk stepless variable displacement compressor SD6V12, Hunan Huada Machinery Plant in 1992 to introduce Japan Jack Purcell company six swash plate compressor cylinder DKS series of products, in 1994 the two sides and formed a joint venture in Hunan Huada - Jack Purcell automobile air conditioning limited. Mudanjiang automotive air conditioner factory in 1994 the introduction of South Korea Del company five cylinder rocking disk V5 series stepless variable displacement compressor products, this year the introduction of South Korea's Delphi Co ten cylinder swash plate compressor SP series products. Shougang Yantai air conditioner factory in 1995 and Japan electrical equipment joint venture company in Yantai steel electrical equipment limited company, production Denso ten cylinder swash plate compressor 10PA series products and through the blade type TV series product, the Chongqing construction group, in 1995 the introduction of the Japanese company Seiko Seiki rotary vane type JSS--96 and JSS--120 compressor products. In addition, Guangzhou luxury automotive air conditioning industry company in 1988 and the introduction of three Japanese company five cylinder rocking disk SD--510 product, as is the repeat introduce, lack of market support, and the disintegration of Guangzhou Peugeot Automobile factory was forced to stop production. Guangdong Guangdong group in 1994 the company introduced the United States of America Chrysler eliminated compressor products and equipment. As a result of the product backward technology, now has basically in a state of paralysis. The introduction or joint venture enterprises in Asia, is the production of true foreign technical support products, there are many domestic manufacturers in the absorption of foreign compressor based on product technology, developed with independent intellectual property rights of the product. Wuxi City Bird Double Power Machinery Company Limited from the beginning of 1999, the production of five cylinder and seven cylinder rocking plate type compressor, ten cylinder compressor, the plant compressor output this year, up to 80000 stations. In 2000, Shanghai Fengtian air conditioning compressor limited company at the HeFei University of Technology technical support, to research and development of the vortex type AP series compressors, this year is expected to yield up to 100000, Nanjing auto good cold machine limited company in the United States of America Purdue University technical support, in 2001 developed the WXH series of scroll compressor, its output can be from 60 cm to 3 / 3 to 250 cm / rotation, suitable for mini car to the bus air conditioner, planned output this year is 120000. As a result of scroll compressor is recognized as one of the most advanced fourth generation of automobile air conditioning compressor products, many domestic enterprises have successfully developed the product, such as the Nanjing Eddie compressor limited company, Guangzhou Wanbao compressor limited company. Bus compressor production enterprises. Domestic production of larger factory is mainly the Yueyang Hengli refrigeration equipment Limited by Share Ltd and Ningbo Xin Hui refrigeration equipment company limited, the former is the production of the traditional crank connecting rod type compressor, which is the production of ten cylinder swash plate structure of compressor.

In a vehicle air conditioner condenser and evaporator and air conditioning systems for production, the new Shanghai machine factory and the United States Delphi Co joint venture Shanghai Delphi Auto Air conditioning system; Jiang's Shanghai machinery factory and the Australian international air conditioning company joint venture international ( Shanghai) Limited; a radiator company and Japan Jack Purcell joint venture company FAW Jack Purcell automotive air conditioning Limited company; Dalian Refrigeration Plant and the Hongkong ocean company formed a joint venture ( Dalian Ocean ) Automotive Air Conditioning Co.; Yantai Shougang air conditioner factory and Japan electrical equipment joint venture company in Yantai steel electrical equipment limited company,; Denso also in Tianjin and Guangzhou with local enterprises set up joint venture in Tianjin electric air conditioning Limited company and Guangzhou electric air conditioning limited. Three Japanese joint venture company in Tianjin Tianjin EIC automobile air conditioning Limited, Valeo company in Hubei, Shashi joint venture Valeo Hubei automobile air conditioning Limited; the United States Ford Motor Co in Jiangxi Nanchang joint venture Jiangxi building limited company of air conditioning system; Korea east bright company in Guilin of Guangxi solely invested establish Guilin east bright automobile air conditioning limited. In addition, Henan machinery factory, Beijing Hongda Automobile air conditioner radiator Limited company, Jiangxi new electric car air-conditioning system limited company, Dongfeng Pyne automotive aluminum heat exchanger limited, Guangdong Yangjiang BMW automobile air conditioning equipment company and also the introduction of foreign advanced condenser, evaporator manufacturing technology and equipment, as domestic car air conditioning heat exchanger products manufacturer. Machinery Company Limited as the domestic automobile air-conditioning production base, products include passenger cars, cars, engineering vehicles, special vehicles, Shenlong, Yutong well-known OEMs matching, which accounts for about six of the domestic market of engineering vehicle world.

In the bus air conditioner has Hunan Yueyang Hengli refrigeration equipment Limited by Share Ltd, air international ( Shanghai) Limited, Guangdong Jin Tatsu group company in Nanjing automotive air conditioning company, lean Guangzhou automobile air conditioning Limited, Sichuan Warwick forced cooling equipment limited company formed a group of enterprises begun to take shape.

In a vehicle air conditioning other assembly, has formed a certain scale and the technical superiority of professional production plant. If the expansion valve and the liquid storage device has three Zhejiang flower group company, Suzhou New Ze electrical industrial company. In the transmission of fluorine rubber hose assembly with Nanjing automotive air conditioning hose factory and Changchun contac ocean fitting Limited company, in the automotive air conditioner fan has daily Shanghai motor factory, Jiangsu electric power company limited. In the air conditioning system control has Hangzhou Fuyang Guang'an electric car limited company.

As the automotive air conditioning device core compression technology development has been the world carmakers are concerned, the first generation of compressor crank connecting rod type structure in small displacement compressor compressor has been lost, now exists only in bus air conditioner, but also, and to be the large displacement ten cylinder compressor ( capacity exceeding 300 cm 3 / .) to replace the trend.

As the second generation of the axial compressor ( shaking and swash plate compressor automotive air conditioning compressor ) is the leading products, accounting for about 70% of all compressor products, with the continuous advancement of technology, the axial compressor can not only do small lightweight. Moreover, the maximum speed up to 10000 rpm above. Especially the axial compressor took the lead in realizing stepless variable displacement control, particularly by the car manufacturer is welcome.

The third generation of compressors - rotary vane compressor because of its volume and weight can be minimal, easy in a small engine room layout, plus noise, small vibration, high volume efficiency advantages, especially by the car manufacturer's favor. Output has increased year after year trend.

Represents the highest level of technology of the fourth generation of compressor compressor - scroll compressor due to breakthrough the manufacturing technical difficulties are make a spurt of progress to develop. Scroll compressor maximum speed up to 12000 rpm, above, the volumetric efficiency than piston type compressor can be as high as 60%, and small noise, stable operation.

Automobile air conditioning compressor production has been concentrated in Japan and the United States a few big companies in Korea, Brazil, and Hungary in compressor production enterprises is one of the few major subsidiaries. Japan electric company is the world 's largest manufacturers of automotive air conditioning device output, the compressor output reached 14000000 or more per year, half of the world's total output of 1 / 3 compressor. The structure of the compressor with ten cylinder swash plate, both vortex type rotary compressor. Japan's two electric company is currently the world's second largest compressor plant. Compressor output has reached 10000000 units / year, the main models for rocking plate type structure and the scroll compressor, in recent years has developed six cylinder and seven cylinder stepless variable displacement swash plate compressor. The United States Delphi Co is the world's third compressor plant, its crop is in 5000000 / year. Products are mainly six cylinder compressor cylinder and the five wave plate variable displacement compressor, begin from 1999, developed a six cylinder and seven cylinder variable displacement swash plate compressor. There are gradually replaced by five cylinder rocking plate type compressor trends.

Rotary vane compressor mainly to the Japanese Panasonic Corporation and Japan Seiko Seiki Co., Panasonic Corp is a three-leaf rotating blade type compressor, Seiko Corporation is the blade rotating blade type compressor. The yield of Panasonic Corp is 1000000 / year, Seiko Corporation is 600000 / year. Denso and Jack Purcell company also production of rotary vane compressor.

Scroll compressor with three Japanese Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Co., Ltd., and the electric company is the main production plant.

Looking at China's automobile air conditioning compressor production enterprises, has been with the world's major production compressor enterprises have introduced or joint venture relationship, this pair of our country car and air conditioning compressor the continuous advancement of technology played a significant role in promoting.

Automotive air conditioning as to improve vehicle ride comfort is an important means in automobile manufacturing workers and has been widely recognized by users. Automotive air conditioning device has become the automobile has play a decisive role in the functional components, it symbolizes the level of automobile. Therefore, automotive air conditioning in the car on a device to get swift and violent development rate. At present, domestic car air conditioner rate is close to 100%, from the whole automobile air conditioning design, automatic air conditioning device in the high-end cars will get rapid development, auto air conditioning parts, six cylinder and seven cylinder oblique disk stepless variable displacement compressor compressor is still leading products, especially the external control type stepless variable displacement swash plate compressor, because there is no electromagnetic clutch compressor overall weight is reduced greatly, make automobile manufacturer's favor. Scroll compressor in automobile use will have the tendency of increasing, the rotary vane compressor will occupy a miniature car market, parallel flow condenser and laminated evaporator the technology matures, the automotive air conditioning device will become the dominant product.

China automotive air conditioning industry after thirty-five years of development history, from scratch, from small to large, to 2002, automobile air conditioner manufacturing enterprises more than 200, output reached 1650000 sets, has been among the top fourth in the world, second only to the United States, Japan and South Korea, this year is expected to reach 2300000 sets, from a technical, exhibition of current world's most advanced air conditioning compression type. Wish China automotive air conditioning industry healthy and orderly development.

 

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